The discovery of Fernando de Noronha dates from the time of Cabral. Around 1500, 1502, navigators traveled in search of brazilwood and, unintentionally, found the isolated volcanic archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, a true paradise in the middle of the sea.
The discovery was attributed to Amerigo Vespucci, a Spanish navigator who participated in an expedition led by Gonçalo Coelho and financed by a big-name named Fernão de Noronha. The nobleman received from him all rights over land, which became the first Hereditary Captaincy of Brazil and gained the name of its first owner. From corruption to corruption, the archipelago ended up being called Fernando de Noronha.
As far as history goes, the great island has always been much disputed. The territory was invaded by Dutch, English and French troops, and only then did it return to the hands of the “real” landowners, the Portuguese.
Fernando de Noronha has sometimes done hospital and also prison, two functions that do not really match the beauty of the place. At a time when Pernambuco was under the dominion of the Dutch, it was to Noronha that the sick sailors were taken. At another time, they invented to bring the thugs out of the country. During this period, much of the local natural heritage was devastated, which can still be felt today in some areas.
The archipelago of Fernando de Noronha is located 345 kilometers from Natal and 545 from Recife. The territory belongs to the state of Pernambuco and has an area of 26 km, consisting of 21 islands and islets. The main island occupies 91% of the territory, and ï, in fact, a chain of submerged mountains, whose base is 4 thousand meters deep.
Today the place is inhabited by fishermen and is frequently visited by surfers, divers, biologists and tourists from all over the world. They go there not in search of brazilwood, but of the immense biodiversity and natural wealth of one of the largest ecological sanctuaries in Brazil.
Check out the weather here in Noronha.
I love it.
Do not buy internet travel packages, leave it to decide on the Island after getting the local tips and feel how things really work.
For your stay on the Island and access to some beaches, there are fees that can not be paid through the Pousada.
• TPA (Environmental Preservation Rate) access the site: www.noronha.pe.gov.br
• Access ticket to PARNAMAR (National Marine Park) access the site: www.parnanoronha.com.br